Boys dormitory

Category: PiVoT - Date: 07 September 2018

 

   

 

   

 

About a year ago the girls dormitory has been completed. Well over thirty girls that live far from school – a two hours walk from home to school is not uncommon – make use of it now. With the supervision the school offers, the dormitory does not only offer accommodation but it is also a substitute for ‘home’. It goes without saying that as well the girls themselves as their parents and the school are very enthusiastic about the new facilities. But for the boys the situation is no different. Also for them it is far from ideal to sleep somewhere in the village without proper supervision. Therefore about two month ago a project has been initiated to realize a similar dormitory for the boys. As the pictures above show a good supply of building blocks have been made already and the bricklaying has reached windows level. The project is – at the Dutch side – a co-operative effort of School Support & Beyond and SOZ. Important in a project as this is the project manager at the spot. Therefore we are very happy that Emmanuel has taken on this task. He is not only well educated – he is one of the students that has been sponsored by School Support & Beyond for the continuation of their education – but he is also very dedicated to the development of the school and the local community.

CiTA en PiVoT: April 2018

Category: CiTA, PiVoT - Date: 16 April 2018

Two years ago the CiTA — Computers in Technical Applications — project started. Aim of this project is to let the students gain knowledge in controlling equipment using computers. In that way they become familiar with a variety of sensors and actuators — and the underlying physical principles  — as well as with the development of software for the communication of the computer with the ' surrounding world '. Writing software trains the student in analyzing technical problems and stimulates logical thinking.

Two years ago the CiTA — Computers in Technical Applications — project started. Aim of this project is to let the students gain knowledge in controlling equipment using computers. In that way they become familiar with a variety of sensors and actuators — and the underlying physical principles  — as well as with the development of software for the communication of the computer with the ' surrounding world '. Writing software trains the student in analyzing technical problems and stimulates logical thinking.



Within the courses that have been developed for the project we use the Raspberry Pi microcomputer and a variety of electronic components ranging from LED's and sensors to a camera and a small programmable robot arm. The programming language used is Python — a very accessible programming language for students at high school level. For interested people a pdf version of the workshop handout is available under ' Documents ' on this website. For non-commercial use the document is available free of charge. Please include acknowledgement when it is distributed.

Like previous years several workshops have been given at Kalwala Secondary School. Especially the programming of the robot arm was a success. The students have enjoyed attending the workshop and worked with commitment on the different assignments.

Our ideal is that a course in this area will be offered as an (optional) subject at secondary schools in the future. This is also what happens elsewhere — particularly in Anglo-Saxon countries. For the time being the course is embedded in the JETS-club (Junior Engineers, Technicians and Scientists). The equipment has been donated to the club so that the students can work on new projects with the assistance of the school teachers.

The workshop was previously given at the University. Our intention was to do this again for the department where ICT teachers are trained. Unfortunately this had to be postponed since the University was temporarily closed because of the cholera outbreak elsewhere in the country.

 

The picture below shows the dining hall and the students getting their daily lunch. In addition to the use of the hall for lunches and evening meals (for the students that do not go home at night) the hall is important for social activities, exams and other events where the whole school is involved.

 

In the beginning only maize was grown in the school garden. Maize is the staple food in Zambia and is eaten both in the afternoon and in the evening. Since vegetables are an important part of the daily meal also cabbage has been planted now in the school garden. Other vegetables such as tomatoes, onions and different types of green leaves will follow.

 

The number of students at Kalwala Secondary School is increasing. That applies to both the academic and the vocational section. Altogether there are now about 350 students. Considering the number of pupils at the feeding primary schools an increase is foreseen for the next planning period of up to 400 a 450 students.  Therefor extra classrooms are being built now. The construction is being paid from contributions of the parents - no small task because after building the classrooms there come other expenses like furniture and teaching material. But education is considered important and therefore all contribute as they can. Our Foundation also hopes to contribute to the necessary growth of the school in the coming years.

Kalwala High School

Category: PiVoT - Date: 10 October 2017

For some month now the school is officially registered (gazetted) as Kalwala High School. The school has the status of ‘boarding school’ but is also registered as ‘school for continuing education’. At the moment the boarding facilities are still limited but it is the intention to expand these in the future. A school for continuing education offers courses and training programs to adults; in our case these programs are in the same field as the regular high school courses.

For some month now the school is officially registered (gazetted) as Kalwala High School. The school has the status of ‘boarding school’ but is also registered as ‘school for continuing education’. At the moment the boarding facilities are still limited but it is the intention to expand these in the future. A school for continuing education offers courses and training programs to adults; in our case these programs are in the same field as the regular high school courses.

The dining hall is used intensively. Not only for the lunches but also for all sorts of other activities. And since a hall of this size is rare in the region it can be rented out regularly. The additional income for the school is of course very welcome.

Because the dining hall does not have its own furniture yet our sister-foundation School Support & Beyond made a budget available to have a local carpenter construct tables and benches (see picture above). In this way not only the school gets the proper furniture but also local economic activities are supported.

 

The girls dormitory - a joint project of School Support & Beyond and SOZ - has been in use for some time now. It is a beautiful building and the sanitary facilities meet today's standards. In this way 36 girls have a comfortable and safe place to stay during the week days. The supervision they get in the dormitory also contributes to a good upbringing during the stage of life in which the girls are relatively vulnerable.

We hope to be able to make a start next year with a dormitory for the boys. Also for them a 'replacement home' is important.

 

Furniture

Category: PiVoT - Date: 21 May 2017

Because the number of students is increasing more furniture is needed. Not only for the classrooms but also for the dining hall. As much as possible local craftsmen are being involved in producing whatever is needed for the school or whenever maintenace is required.

Because the number of students is increasing more furniture is needed. Not only for the classrooms but also for the dining hall. As much as possible local craftsmen are being involved in producing whatever is needed for the school or whenever maintenace is required.

The pictures show the local carpenter constructing sets of tables and benches for the dining hall.

Many of the local craftsmen are trained by the school itself. After their education a number of them start their own business. Of course they are happy with any work order they get - for instance from the school.
 

 

"It has become a very nice building"

Category: PiVoT - Date: 05 February 2017

The school has started again. The girls dormitory has been supplied with furniture in the form of bunk beds and lockers. As one of the visiting officials said: it has become a very nice building with modern sanitation and a practical interior; a facility that will give around 35 girls a safe and comfortable "home" from Monday till Saturday. However, it will not only be a place that gives safety but also a place in which the supervising staff contributes to the upbringing of the girls. And this contribution to the upbringing might be as important as the subjects taught in the school !

The school has started again. The girls dormitory has been supplied with furniture in the form of bunk beds and lockers. As one of the visiting officials said: it has become a very nice building with modern sanitation and a practical interior; a facility that will give around 35 girls a safe and comfortable "home" from Monday till Saturday. However, it will not only be a place that gives safety but also a place in which the supervising staff contributes to the upbringing of the girls. And this contribution to the upbringing might be as important as the subjects taught in the school !

  

   

Dormitory completed

Category: PiVoT - Date: 30 August 2016

The construction of the first dormitory has been completed (the picture shows the front view). It is expected that before the end of the year also the ablution block will be ready so that the first group of about 35 girls can accommodated.

The construction of the first dormitory has been completed (the picture shows the front view). It is expected that before the end of the year also the ablution block will be ready so that the first group of about 35 girls can accommodated.

Boarding facilities

Category: PiVoT - Date: 22 April 2016

Soon after the school in Kalwala had opened there was already a need for boarding facilities for the students. Some of them had to walk such large distances that it was virtually impossible to go home every day. Consequently they slept somewhere in the village from Monday till Friday and only spent the weekend at home. Sometimes the school could supply some store room but that situation was far from ideal - no bathroom, no supervision, clearly a risky situation. Initially highest priority was given to a dormitory for the girls. The general feeling amongst staff and parents however was that facilities for the boys were equally important. Once again, not only for reasons of comfort and hygiene but also because these youngsters are in a phase of life in which they need supervision and guidance.

Soon after the school in Kalwala had opened there was already a need for boarding facilities for the students. Some of them had to walk such large distances that it was virtually impossible to go home every day. Consequently they slept somewhere in the village from Monday till Friday and only spent the weekend at home. Sometimes the school could supply some store room but that situation was far from ideal - no bathroom, no supervision, clearly a risky situation. Initially highest priority was given to a dormitory for the girls. The general feeling amongst staff and parents however was that facilities for the boys were equally important. Once again, not only for reasons of comfort and hygiene but also because these youngsters are in a phase of life in which they need supervision and guidance.

Because the total cost for dormitories, furniture and ablution blocks was substantial the foundation School Support & Beyond and the Stichting Onderwijsprojecten Zambia decided to finance and manage the project together. The resulting 'dormitory project' has a duration of 2 years and a budget of 80.000 euro. It aims at the realization of a girls and a boys dormitory, each for 36 students. Hereby one should not only think of the physical facilities but also of the organizational structure to 'make the house into a home'.

The project started halfway February. The pictures show the progress of the construction halfway April. On the floor plan it is shown from which direction the photographs have been taken (the numbering corresponds to the photographs in reading sequence; by clicking on a specific photograph this one is shown in a separate window). As can be seen from the pictures only the bedrooms are being built. Toilets and washing facilities - the ablution block - will be constructed as a separate building. Construction of the ablution block will start immediately after completion of the dorm.

Each of the dormitories consists of 9 rooms with two bunk beds. There is a main entrance in the middle and an emergency exit at each of the sides. The project is contracted by Ireen Kalwala (she is to be seen on the first picture). Ireen is the daughter of the former founder of the village. She also contributed in the construction of the teaching rooms and the labs of the school. We are happy with her contribution and share the pride that she shows on the picture below.

 

 

 

Introducing the Raspberry Pi

Category: CiTA - Date: 02 November 2015

The CiTA project started with two workshops (one at Kalwala Secondary School and one at Chadiza Boarding Secondary School) based on the Raspberry Pi computer. The picture above shows three displays with two lines of 16 characters. During the workshop the participants connected the displays to the Raspberry Pi computers and they developed the software for displaying the text. Other experiments involved the connection and programing of LED s, switches, small motors, speakers, etc.

The CiTA project started with two workshops (one at Kalwala Secondary School and one at Chadiza Boarding Secondary School) based on the Raspberry Pi computer. The picture above shows three displays with two lines of 16 characters. During the workshop the participants connected the displays to the Raspberry Pi computers and they developed the software for displaying the text. Other experiments involved the connection and programing of LED s, switches, small motors, speakers, etc.

The equipment (two sets of Raspberry Pi computers set up for experimenting purposes as well as a diversity of input and output electronics) together with learning material has been donated to the schools.

The workshops were received with enthusiasm. The teachers that participated will introduce the technology in the JETS (Junior Engineering Technician and Scientist) club.

If people are interested in the handout of the workshop we will be pleased to send a digital copy by mail (please use the form on this site to contact us)

 

Dining hall

Category: PiVoT - Date: 02 November 2015

 

The dining hall has nearly been completed. Because of some technical misfortune the construction took longer than expected. One should realize however that the people in Kalwala had no experience with buildings of this size. Up to now the only constructions that have been built are 5 to 6 meters wide and have a roof construction of wooden beams. Keeping this in mind the construction of the dining hall is certainly something to be proud of!

 

The dining hall has nearly been completed. Because of some technical misfortune the construction took longer than expected. One should realize however that the people in Kalwala had no experience with buildings of this size. Up to now the only constructions that have been built are 5 to 6 meters wide and have a roof construction of wooden beams. Keeping this in mind the construction of the dining hall is certainly something to be proud of!

The realization of the dining hall and the kitchen has been made possible because of the financial support of the foundation School Support and Beyond (link is external).

Because it was exam time for the form fives the dining hall was temporarily in use as exam hall. Because of that students were obliged to collect food at the kitchen.

During the meeting with parents it was decided that highest priority would be given to the construction of dormitories for the girls and boys that come from too far to return to their homes every day. This will therefor be our next project.

Ministry of Education

Category: PiVoT - Date: 29 January 2015

As we mentioned before on this site the Ministry of Education has taken over responsibility for the school. This doesn't mean that suddenly there is plenty of money available but it does mean that the Ministry makes - apart from paying the staff salaries - funds available for stepwise expansion of the school and for adapting it to the local needs. The contribution of the Ministry becomes, for example, visible in the recently installed science lab.

As we mentioned before on this site the Ministry of Education has taken over responsibility for the school. This doesn't mean that suddenly there is plenty of money available but it does mean that the Ministry makes - apart from paying the staff salaries - funds available for stepwise expansion of the school and for adapting it to the local needs. The contribution of the Ministry becomes, for example, visible in the recently installed science lab.

The school also got a water pump. Previously water had to be collected from the nearby river.
 

The Ministry is also going to build staff houses for the increasing number of teachers. It is important that staff lives nearby the school. Not only because transport is often a major problem but also because it makes participation of staff in extracurricular activities more likely and easier. Activities like that are important because they contribute to the social cohesion in the region. Moreover, the existence of a connected community is under pressure now that many new people come and live in the area because of the nearby Chinsali being the new provincial capital. Also the expanding city makes some of the traditional farmers move to other areas. The overall result is that a new community feeling has to be built up. The school can play an important role in this process.

The pictures above show - on the left - the call for tender for building a staff house and two previously constructed staff houses (the construction of those was sponsored by the Dutch foundation Joy of a Toy).
 

The photo at the left shows - at the background - the administration block. It has been completed last year. SOZ sponsored the construction of the administration block for two reasons: one, administrative facilities and a staff room are essential for a school, and, two, by having common facilities like this the chance of getting a degree of integration between the academic secondary school and the vocational trade school would increase. For reasons of efficiency and a higher appreciation of vocational education the integration was considered essential for a school in a rural area like Kalwala. Meanwhile the Ministry has adopted a new school structure in which academic and vocational are fully integrated into a new Secondary School. After primary school all pupils can find a suitable program to continue their education.

The art teacher has decorated the assembly ground with a statue of 'the student'.

 

 

In previous progress reports we mentioned the Schoollunch project sponsored by School Support and Beyond. The objective of the project is to give all approximately 1000 pupils and students a healthy meal halfway the day. Without this most of them won't have anything to eat because they live too far away. On the photos the nearly completed kitchen is shown. The photo on the right shows the fireplace where the food is cooked; the wood is pushed in from outside to keep the fire going. The last month of 2014 students were getting maize porridge for lunch. In 2015 vegetables and beans will be added to the menu.

 

As part of the Schoollunch project also a dining hall will be built. The size of the hall - which, by the way, is also going to be used for after school activities - is such that specifically the roof construction was quite a challenge. Of course project management could have asked a company from Lusaka to come and do the job but preference was given to having the school do it herself with the students of the bricklaying course. In that way valuable knowledge and skills would be built up. Unfortunately this choice caused some delay because the calculated number of roof beams was too low. Like often in learning situations one can ask the question: what is more important, the product or the (learning) process? The students that are now eating their meal under some shelter will probably go for the product!

 

The rains have come. That means maize has to be planted so that in a few month the food for the year to come can be harvested. That was how it was going traditionally and that is how its going now in the school garden as part of the Schoollunch project. In general there is enough rain between November and March to produce a good crop. But there are also years that there is less water. Therefor it is the intention to irrigate the school gardens in the future with water from the nearby artificial lake.

Finally: the school is in the process of setting up its own foundation. The foundation will take care of all further projects related to the school. One of the first activities of the new foundation will be the realization of a girls - and later on a boys - dormitory for those that come from so far that it is impossible to go home every day. About the foundation and the project we will report on this website in the months to come.

School Support & Beyond

Category: PiVoT - Date: 11 April 2014

At the end of March Chris Hendriks of SOZ and two representatives of School Support & Beyond (SS&B) paid a visit to Kalwala. The objective was on one hand to introduce the representatives of SS&B to the staff of the schools and the Ministry officials – SS&B finances and supports the Schoollunch project that aims at supplying all pupils and students of Kalwala schools (altogether they count up to more than 1000 by now) with a healthy meal during schooldays. On the other hand we wanted to discuss the recent developments and see what impact they have on the priorities for the years to come.

At the end of March Chris Hendriks of SOZ and two representatives of School Support & Beyond (SS&B) paid a visit to Kalwala. The objective was on one hand to introduce the representatives of SS&B to the staff of the schools and the Ministry officials – SS&B finances and supports the Schoollunch project that aims at supplying all pupils and students of Kalwala schools (altogether they count up to more than 1000 by now) with a healthy meal during schooldays. On the other hand we wanted to discuss the recent developments and see what impact they have on the priorities for the years to come.

Finally we used the opportunity to take some equipment and teaching aids and give a brief introduction on project management to Heads and future project managers.

 

 

 

 

 

We will briefly address the main developments.

As mentioned before the Zambian government recognizes the importance of further development of vocational education for bringing the economy at a higher level. This awareness is reflected in the new curriculum framework. In this framework the choice was made to integrate vocational education in the existing Secondary School by distinguishing an Academic and a Vocational pathway. SOZ is happy with this choice because specifically in sparsely populated rural areas only a maximum integration of the various school programs can bring sufficient economy of scale to make education affordable. Apart from this economic argument the integrated school lays the foundation for decreasing the difference in status between 'white collar jobs' and 'blue collar jobs'. As the timetable on the picture shows the integration of both areas into a single Secondary School has already been implemented in Kalwala  – being one of the first ones in Zambia. The local community is pleased to see that all pupils leaving the regional Primary Schools can now go to the Secondary School - instead of a large percentage dropping out and having nothing to do.

The vocational programs being offered now are: bricklaying, metalwork, woodwork and agriculture. This last program will certainly get an impulse through the Schoollunch project because the size of the School production unit is such that it offers them a practical setting in which aspects like planning and other issues related to scale of operations can be shown and taught in practice.

As part of the Schoollunch project a garden has been set up by the students. As the photo of the maize field shows a good harvest can be expected by the end of the rainy season. Maize will later be the base of the lunch that the students are going to get served. The production unit is managed by the agriculture teacher.

Of course there are also some problems typical for the start of such a program: like the weeds that continued growing in the school holidays last December! And with weeds growing you cant add fertilizer. But in spite of all this it is the expectation that in a few years time the production will be more than the school needs and part of the harvest can be sold to cover other costs.

 

The foundation of the dining hall is nearly completed. The size of the hall had to be adjusted as compared to the initial plan because the schools started to attract more and more students from the surrounding region. The total number of daily meals to be served will now be over 1000 instead of the 500 that was accounted for initially.

 

 

 

The administrative block reaches completion (see photo). Although the walls still need plastering the staff room has been taken into use as class room for students. Certainly not an ideal situation but what to do when there is such a shortage of class rooms. The Ministry has promised to build extra class rooms so hopefully the housing situation soon gets better.

The notebooks we brought for the staff room will temporarily be added to the computer lab. Teachers can use the lab after teaching hours.

 

Because the capital of the new province is being constructed near the school, the region experiences an explosive growth. In order to supply the future citizens with drinking water, a dam has been constructed in the river near Kalwala. The water from the artificial lake can also be used for irrigation of the school gardens.

 

 

 

We previously referred already to the increasing number of students of the Secondary School. This growth is a positive development in the sense that more youngsters get the valuable academic or vocational education but it also has a drawback. Students come from so far away that they have to walk up to 10 miles in the morning and in the evening. Since this is virtually impossible - it would take more than 6 hours a day - an increasing number of students stays overnight in the neighborhood of the school. For the boys the problem is limited; they find a place to stay somewhere in the village. For the girls however it is undesirable that they just spend the night somewhere without a proper place to sleep and without supervision. Therefor, for the most urgent group of girls, a preliminary boarding facility has been created in one of the store rooms of the school (the picture shows some of them in the storeroom). There are no beds and sanitation from the school has to be used. Clearly not a desirable situation. For this reason we worked out a project plan with the Head of the school and the local authorities. The project must result in proper boarding facilities for, initially, a limited group of students. With the facilities created by the Schoollunch project the boarding students can be offered a morning and evening meal.

The project proposal - we will soon start looking for organizations or individuals that are prepared to contribute financially - will be published op this website within the coming weeks.

A number of times reference was made to the strong growth of the school. This growth has advantages in an economic sense - a larger variety of courses can be offered without resulting in small groups and inefficient use of equipment. But the clear disadvantage is the larger traveling distance for the students. One could of course opt for building similar schools elsewhere in the region and trying to find an optimum between traveling time and economy of scale; although with the density of population in the region even than boarding facilities will be necessary. It will still take many years before the 'ideal' situation has been reached, but it is good to have a view of how it is going to be in the future.

The youtube film underneath gives a view of the school buildings in its present phase of development.

School lunch

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 January 2014

The schools in Kalwala do not only get pupils and students from the nearby villages but also from places further away. This is because the possibilities to get education in the region are limited. But also the good reputation of the schools in Kalwala plays a part. Attracting students from far away is nice but has a drawback. Walking all the way from home, spending the day at school and then walking back home without any food is tough, especially for teenagers. And not only that, insufficient nutrition also slows down the intellectual development and limits the ability to concentrate. Therefor there was already for some time the wish to supply all students – about 400 in total – daily with a healthy meal at lunchtime. Hence we were all very happy when the foundation School Support and Beyond offered to adopt the realization of the necessary facilities as a project (the Schoollunch project). They will (financially) take care of the construction and furnishing of a dining hall and kitchen and the realization of a school garden for growing maize and vegetables. Last November the project had its kick-off and the maize has been planted – just in time to make full use of the rainy season. Soon the construction of the dining hall will start.

The schools in Kalwala do not only get pupils and students from the nearby villages but also from places further away. This is because the possibilities to get education in the region are limited. But also the good reputation of the schools in Kalwala plays a part. Attracting students from far away is nice but has a drawback. Walking all the way from home, spending the day at school and then walking back home without any food is tough, especially for teenagers. And not only that, insufficient nutrition also slows down the intellectual development and limits the ability to concentrate. Therefor there was already for some time the wish to supply all students – about 400 in total – daily with a healthy meal at lunchtime. Hence we were all very happy when the foundation School Support and Beyond offered to adopt the realization of the necessary facilities as a project (the Schoollunch project). They will (financially) take care of the construction and furnishing of a dining hall and kitchen and the realization of a school garden for growing maize and vegetables. Last November the project had its kick-off and the maize has been planted – just in time to make full use of the rainy season. Soon the construction of the dining hall will start.

The administration block that has been worked on all 2013 reaches its completion. The building also has a staff room for teachers of as well the secondary school as the vocational school. In this staff room a computer and Internet facility is going to be realized. In that way lecturers have the opportunity to keep track of the latest developments in their fields and to enrich their lessons with realistic and up to date examples.

A delegation of the foundation mentioned before as well as a representative of SOZ will visit the schools in Kalwala by the end of next March. During that trip they hope to realize the computer facilities and to discuss the Schoollunch project with stakeholders in the schools and with representatives of the Ministry. These discussions will also give input to the new Strategic Plan. As well this Plan as the evaluation of the past planning period will be published on the SOZ website by the end of 2014,

Changes coming up

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 October 2013

In the coming years many things will change for the schools in Kalwala. On one hand this is because more people will come and live in the area. This is a result of the fact that Chinsali has become the capital of the new province Muchinga. The new offices and houses will be realized in the area between the existing center of Chinsali and the Great North Road (the main connection between Zambia and Tanzania). Kalwala is situated right in this area. The fast growth does not only mean an increasing number of pupils but also more heterogeneity. In one of the next reports we will discuss this issue in more detail.

In the coming years many things will change for the schools in Kalwala. On one hand this is because more people will come and live in the area. This is a result of the fact that Chinsali has become the capital of the new province Muchinga. The new offices and houses will be realized in the area between the existing center of Chinsali and the Great North Road (the main connection between Zambia and Tanzania). Kalwala is situated right in this area. The fast growth does not only mean an increasing number of pupils but also more heterogeneity. In one of the next reports we will discuss this issue in more detail.

Apart from the quantitative growth there is the change in the educational structure in Zambia. In 2012 a new framework for education in Zambia was adopted. The changes will affect vocational education in the sense that its position becomes more clear and its importance increases. The web page Developments in the Zambian Education System on this website discusses the reforms more extensively.

The changes in the educational structure correspond well with the strategy of Kalwala Trades School (presently Kalwala School for Continuing Education). Co-operation between the vocational oriented Trades School and the academically oriented High School has always been pursued in order to reach economy of scale and increase the accessibility.

On more than one occasion the Ministry has indicated to favor the approach in Kalwala. The integration of vocational and academic education is considered an example for the region.

A peek into the construction

Category: - Date: 16 October 2013

To get a solid construction a  so-called ring beam in included in the walls. A ring beam consists of iron rods that are cast in concrete. The iron in kept in the right position in the concrete by interconnecting  three bars by triangles.

To get a solid construction a  so-called ring beam in included in the walls. A ring beam consists of iron rods that are cast in concrete. The iron in kept in the right position in the concrete by interconnecting  three bars by triangles.

 

Building an office-block

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 September 2013

This year an office-block is being built by the students. It will consist of offices for as well the Secondary School as the School for Continuing Education. There will also be a staff room included in it. This staff room will be used by teachers of both schools. It will offer facilities like computer and Internet access.

This year an office-block is being built by the students. It will consist of offices for as well the Secondary School as the School for Continuing Education. There will also be a staff room included in it. This staff room will be used by teachers of both schools. It will offer facilities like computer and Internet access.

The first picture shows a quite rightly proud project manager - Mr. Lackson Kwangu, Headteacher of the Secondary School - in front of the building under construction. The students of the section Bricklaying and Plastering shown on the other pictures are equally proud.

The schools in Kalwala are situated in a sparsely populated area. This means that many students come from far. For some of them the distance from home to school is so large that there is not enough  time to walk it on a daily basis. They therefor stay overnight in the school and sleep in a corner of the store room (the picture shows their belongings in their temporary 'housing'). In the weekend they go home and see their parents.

The Schoollunch project - soon more information will be published on its implementation - will meet their need for daily meals. Next to that an additional project will be defined in the coming months aiming at the realization of a boy and a girl dormitory. We hope to find sponsors for it so that in the course of next year students that live far away from school will have a reasonable place to sleep during week days.

Progress

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 February 2013

The school continues to evolve. The course 'Bricklaying and Plastering' is offered now for the third year. All students could find a job quite easily after completion of the course. A lot of construction is going on in the region. That is partly because the nearby town of Chinsali has become the capital of the new province Muchinga.

As from this year also a program on metalwork and a course on the use of computers have started.

 

The school continues to evolve. The course 'Bricklaying and Plastering' is offered now for the third year. All students could find a job quite easily after completion of the course. A lot of construction is going on in the region. That is partly because the nearby town of Chinsali has become the capital of the new province Muchinga.

As from this year also a program on metalwork and a course on the use of computers have started.

 

Recently the computer-lab has been set up by Chris Hendriks (SOZ) and Dalitso Mwale, the ICT teacher of the school. Some of Mr. Mwale's fellow teachers gave assistance (left picture). The students work on their own notebook but at the same time they can follow the teacher on a screen next to them. Students find this way of teaching inspiring.

The computer-lab is a good example of the synergy between the Secondary School and the School for Continuing Education. Both schools make use of the lab and the ICT staff teaches in both schools as well.

   

The school is made more complete by setting up a library and creating sports facilities (on the right picture students start clearing the new sports field).

 

On Friday 8 February 2013 the Ministry officially took over the responsibility for the school. As from that date the name of the school is: School for Continuing Education. The Ministry recognizes the value of vocational training, not only in urban regions but also in the rural areas. The importance that the Ministry attaches to good educations in these areas becomes visible in the quality of the staff that has been appointed at the Kalwala schools.

On the pictures we see the various invited guests addressing the persons present. On the first two pictures these are successively: the Provincial Education Officer and the Chief.

Apart from the official opening of the school the program included the graduation of the students (third picture). And, of course, the was some time for entertainment in the form of traditional dancing.

 

 

At the end of the ceremony the computer-lab was officially opened. The invited guests are given a brief demonstration of the way future generations of students in Kalwala will get familiar with the possibilities of the computer.

 

Second year of the Bricklaying and plastering course

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 September 2012

The course 'Bricklaying and Plastering' is in its second year now. The first group has completed the program and a new group of schoolleavers has started. Business as usual one might say. The advantage is that it gives staff and management time to prepare new courses.

 

The course 'Bricklaying and Plastering' is in its second year now. The first group has completed the program and a new group of schoolleavers has started. Business as usual one might say. The advantage is that it gives staff and management time to prepare new courses.

 

Next to the Trades School a Secondary School has started this year. The construction of the class rooms has been sponsored by the Dutch organization Joy of a Toy. The pictures show the preparations for the official opening as well as the celebrations afterwards. For the local community it means that for all school leavers of the primary schools in the region there is the possibility to attend secondary education locally.

 

In the ideal situation the whole palette of secondary education is managed by the Ministry of Education. In that way coherence and synergy between vocational and academic education can be guaranteed. Certainly in rural areas this is important because schools will be small which might – and generally will – result in limited facilities. This all sounds obvious but until recently basic vocational education – skill and craft education - was not under the control of the Ministry of Education.

With pride the Head of the schools shows that progress is made in this area. The signpost, constructed by order of the Ministry, demonstrates that the village holds a leading position in education and that the Ministry is responsible for all of the schools.

For two new courses preparations are in progress. Next January an introductory course on the use of computers will start. This general course will later form the base for a the program on entrepreneurship. Early 2013 also a course on metalwork will commence.

Internship

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 November 2011

Last September the students doing the course on Bricklaying and Plastering went for internship. They could do their in-service training at the building site of the new teacher training college about 20 km north. By working at this - for the region - large project they get the opportunity to familiarize themselves with many aspects of building.

Last September the students doing the course on Bricklaying and Plastering went for internship. They could do their in-service training at the building site of the new teacher training college about 20 km north. By working at this - for the region - large project they get the opportunity to familiarize themselves with many aspects of building.

The official start

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 May 2011

The school is ready to start officially. After the classrooms for theoretical lessons also the lab rooms for practical training have been completed (pictures 1, 2, 3 and 4). Furniture has been constructed by the school (picture 5). All preparations have been made for the course in Bricklaying and Plastering. The students have made themselves the bricks that are going to be used in classes (photo 3 on the right) and most of the tools have been purchased (picture 6). The final approval from Teveta – the Zambian organization for accreditation of vocational education –  is expected shortly.


Photo 1

Photo 2

Photo 3

Photo 4

Photo 5

Photo 6

Zoals meestal in projecten zijn er ´bemoedigende´ ontwikkelingen en zaken waarvan je gehoopt had dat het sneller en gemakkelijker zou zijn gegaan. Van beide een voorbeeld.

The foundation Joy of a Toy takes care of the orphans in Kalwala Village. For that purpose they set up an orphanage some years ago. Recently a new building with toilets and showers has been added. This was an important step forward in sanitation and hygiene because the building has been supplied with a septic tank. Knowledge on septic tanks was however not available in the region. It had to come from elsewhere. By involving students and teachers of the Trades School in the realization of the septic tank, the knowledge will remain available for future construction projects. For example the concept of septic tanks can be used when building the new staff houses later on this year. Developments like this improve the quality of life in the rural areas. The picture shows the septic tank of the orphanage; the two concrete covers show that the sewage water is cleaned in two phases.

Kalwala Village is situated in a rural area. This kind of areas has typically a low population density. For primary education this is not much of a problem. Small Basic Schools are scattered over the region in such a way that most of the children can reach a school within reasonable walking distance. For secondary education it is different. It is partly because some of the pupils leave the area after Basic School or simply don´t continue their education that numbers decrease. More important however is the fact that secondary education is by its nature more diversified. Roughly speaking there are two forms of secondary education: there is the High School that prepares for tertiary education and there is the Trades School offering a range of vocational training. In rural areas each of the two will be relatively small assuming that the distance from home to the school should not be more than 10 kilometers. Apart from this limited size a characteristic of secondary education is that it requires a diversity of equipment and expertise. The small size and large diversity put pressure on the economy of scale. By having the High School and the Trades School being combined into one single institute – a School for Continuing Education – the utilization of expertise and equipment can be maximized. For obvious reasons this single institute should be under the responsibility of a single ministry, the Ministry of Education. However, the MoE in Zambia is – with a few exceptions – not involved in vocational education. Although a number of functionaries within the field of administration and education have expressed their support for the concept of a School for Continuing Education, and there are a few examples of similar schools elsewhere in the country, up to now a formal approval from the MoE has not been received. Lackson Kwangu, the Headteacher of the Basic School in Kalwala Village, puts a lot of effort in obtaining the formal approval. We appreciate his effort.

The picture below shows (on the left) Mr. Lackson Kwangu who co-ordinates the project on the spot. On the right we see Mrs Ireen Kalwala who was in charge of the construction of the school. in the middle one of the teachers shows what safety clothing the students wear when doing practical training. SOZ would like to take this opportunity to thank specifically Mr Kwangu and Mrs Kalwala for their valuable contribution to the project. Through them SOZ would also like to thank all staff of the school, all workers at the building site and all others involved in the project.

 
Start of the bricklaying training

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 January 2011

Construction of buildings is progressing. The block with two labs and the associated storage space is halfway (see pictures above). It will be available mid-February.

Construction of buildings is progressing. The block with two labs and the associated storage space is halfway (see pictures above). It will be available mid-February.

The first group of 20 students begins in the second half of January with their training in bricklaying and plastering (the foto on the left shows the call for applicants in one of the nearby Basic Schools). In order to obtain a nationally recognized diploma they will do an exam at the end of the two year course. Later on this year additional short-courses will be offered as afternoon or evening classes to those who can handle a broader program. Examples of such courses include home electrical installations, water systems and the like. We would like to get in touch with people that are willing and able to develope such short courses.

Furthermore, there are plans to set up a secondary school (High School) in Kalwala Village. We are in touch with the Ministry of Education in order to discuss the possibility of forming a School of Continuing Education that hosts as well the Trades School as the High School. This process might contribute to the ongoing discussion in Zambia on the position of vocational education in the school system.

Progress

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 August 2010

In August and September 2010 Marianne Willeboordse and Chris Hendriks visited the project in Kalwala Village. Progress was encouraging. The first block of five classrooms has been completed. This means that the building is there. The puchasing of chairs, blackboard, etc. is ongoing. It will not be a problem to have all facilities there before the first group starts in January 2011.

In August and September 2010 Marianne Willeboordse and Chris Hendriks visited the project in Kalwala Village. Progress was encouraging. The first block of five classrooms has been completed. This means that the building is there. The puchasing of chairs, blackboard, etc. is ongoing. It will not be a problem to have all facilities there before the first group starts in January 2011.


 

 
Above a 360 degrees photo that gives a good impression of the school in the surrounding area. It also shows that right from the classrooms preparations for the labs have started.
 

The school is managed by a foundation (LM Kalwala Community Centre) and has been named Kalwala Trades School. On behalf of the foundation the daily management of the school is conducted by a committee chaired by Mr Kwangu (sitting at the right on the photo), Deputy Head of the nearby Basic School. This committee has prepared a Strategic Plan (available under "Documents") for the next four years. It also has submitted an application for accreditation at Teveta (www.teveta.org.zm), the organization responsible for the quality of vocational education in Zambia.
Issues that the Committee is still working on are the recruitment of teaching staff, the purchasing of books and educational materials, and the formalization of the relationship between the school and the Zambian government.


The project has the full support of the local community. The appreciation of the initiatives of SOZ was made visible in a common farewell meal offered by the community.

walls

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 May 2010

The stonework has been completed.

After this, the roof is made and the walls are plastered.

Foundation

Category: PiVoT - Date: 25 March 2010

The foundation of the first block of classrooms is almost finished.

The foundation of the first block of classrooms is almost finished.